Archive for March, 2013

Civil Rights

Thursday, March 28th, 2013

Over this semester we have focused on African American civil rights, and recently have become more in touch with equality for women’s rights. They aren’t all that different based of the Lytle reading, I found it very interesting because there were moments of the reading that could have been used to explain both movements. African American had to fight harder for equal rights, because I feel as if women were given more opportunities from the start, compared to African Americans. Women struggled to make it to prove they could do anything. While reading, my roommate had Annie the musical on in the background, the song “I can do anything better than you” with her and another male character yelling/singing back and forth why, girls could do anything boys could. It was the perfect song to hear over reading because it gave my experience of reading that extra kick. I think that women struggled to accomplish what they wants but after reaching a goal, nothing was going to stop them to seek equality with man, because there were jobs women could do better than men, and that didn’t just include being a wife.

Do you think the workforce in America is fair now?


Thursday, March 28th, 2013

I think almost everyone gets the gist of feminism enough to know that it is very complicated, with many layers, much like any kind of activism. There are so many different identities within feminism that it makes it extremely divisive. Having a difference between black and white feminism segregates the whole movement it in a weird kind of way, especially since it is absolutely necessary and crucial to our society in order to make progress for gender equality in the large umbrella that it is under.

However, much of the fear of feminism strictly has to do with the fear of sexuality, and the “wrong” ways in which it is embraced. Women want to be more sexual, sometimes with other women. Women are finding liberation outside the home, in education and different relationships. It’s a scary thing for the patriarchy to handle.

When Betty Friedan introduces a new look at the housewife and points out the degrading effects it can have on women, many people, including women start to develop a fear towards feminism. While a lot of women want to liberate themselves and deny their “duties” as women, some are afraid they can’t do anything else, or maybe they actually are happy and don’t want to. I think this is where feminism starts to complicate things some more, aside from complications related to race and class.

While I thin feminism in the sixties as well as today has impacted the world in many positive ways, I do still think there may be some things inside feminism that need to be worked out, as well as with any kind of activism.

Journal 2013-03-28 14:04:34

Thursday, March 28th, 2013

Reading Response 3.28.13

Mid-to late 60s politics sees the increase in division as a political tactic – that is, the force of identifying and condemning certain groups within our nation. Nixon was at the forefront of using this tactic, identifying group such as “campus radicals,” liberals, and media groups as enemies to our nation. He justified this by creating the idea of some “silent majority” of moderate, non-protesting Americans that valued their God, family, and sense of nationalism above all. In doing this, Nixon polarized our country and created a good deal of the divisionist politics that still exist. Division and inequality effectively dissolved important groups such as SNCC, while creating a lack of strong consensus within movements such as the struggle for gender equality; many radicals feeling alienated at the sugar-coated prospect of liberation, and were more concerned with total equality. Toward the latter part of the decade, questions were raised regarding a woman’s right to abortion, contraceptives, and to, in a larger sense, ultimately control her own body. These came to a boiling point in Roe v Wade, the resulting verdict creating outrage amongst Catholics, Protestants, Jews, and other major religious groups.

Journal 3/28

Thursday, March 28th, 2013

The Women’s Liberation Movement and the Gay Liberation Movement were fueled by the sexual revolution and the Civil Rights movement. Both of these movements wanted to create the idea that their way of living was the norm. Just like in the Civil Rights movement, they were fighting for equal rights and opportunities. The fight for homosexual rights was a new movement, and they had a lot of overcome. The idea of homophobia was popular all over the country. They were being denied jobs in multiple working forces, specifically federal jobs. They were even being resisted by the police, due to it being illegal to have relations with a person of the same sex. Previously the American public had not seen the discrimination of sexes as a major issue. But thanks to the women fighting for equal rights, they brought this to the attention of many Americans. For the most part the biggest impact was just to make the discrimination of rights public. By bringing these issues to the nation’s attention, people started questioning the norm.

Do you think leaders of women’s and gay rights activists were more vital, or do you think the media played a larger role?

AMST 202 Journal 3/28

Thursday, March 28th, 2013

In Lytle, the formation of organizations based on the two new fronts for fighting inequality (value/gender and identity) was said to “provoke” Christian fundamentalists and other conservative groups, because they “had never been opposed before.” The cold war consensus had created a false sense of national unity, which was disproved by the prevalent disunity regarding personal (family, gender) issues, even within protest groups themselves. Even today, feminism is associated with white, upper/middle-class women, who may not understand or be able to represent the values of working-class minorities. Discrimination in the workplace lead to family strife, which often lead to self-esteem issues, divorce, and depression; single parents or people born in poverty worked out of necessity, and didn’t have the time, money, or education to start a career. Also, the importance of churches as community centers (once used prominently for Civil Rights in the South) is only felt by those in small towns, which probably didn’t have many high-paying jobs or career opportunities. It was strange, however, to read that black women thought discrimination against them was purely racial, since they’d witnessed sexism within Civil Rights groups (i.e. SNCC’s patriarchal attitudes), and lived in a man’s world, just as subject to “daily evaluation” and the pressures of beauty standards.

The ridiculous decisions made by U.S. Presidents continued to shock, as Nixon made enemies of certain groups of Americans, and based policy upon his fears and animosity. Just as decisions in the Cold War were made by presidents copying each others mentalities, Nixon followed Eisenhower (who had outlawed gays serving in the government sector). As Vietnam entered its most violent stage, he attempted to unify the “silent majority” against re-evaluating gender roles and sexism; redefining a social construction marriage (which some religious groups like to claim as their own idea), is terrifying to those who feel safe in their own value systems, and potentially reject those of others.

Can we learn from the past?

Thursday, March 28th, 2013

I found Audre Lordue’s, “Learning From the 60s” to be one of the most powerful and interesting documents we have read this year.  She talked about how being unified does not mean being all the same person. I saw the ‘othering’ of lesbians and gays in the black population as having very similar effect as McCarthyism did on the white population.  She addresses how the division in the movements restricts success and that fighting for freedom while restricting someone else is ultimately hypocritical; calling into question the foreign policy of the United States.  Lordue connects the black rights movement to the growing feminist one by noting that both communities face an identity crisis.  There is no one way to be black or one way to be a female and in placing these gendered or racial expectations on your on population results in conflict within the groups and no progress being made. Like she mentioned at the start of her essay the divisions within the community result in horizontal efforts against inter-group repression rather than vertical efforts against the institutions and systems that are actually the cause of the inequalities.  Lordue argues that this is not unique to the black rights movement but all social movements.  In the feminist movement we see a division between NOW and the more radical groups which is similar to the different methods of resistance in the counter-culture of the sixties.  Lordue sums up her essay by noting that the energy of the social movements of the 1960s have carried over but activists have failed to remember that unity, not conformity, is important.

Discussion Question: Do you think that the ideal social movement which Lordue wants to see is practical? Can there be vertical efforts against institutions without horizontal in-fighting amongst activists?

Radical Women and Gay Liberation

Thursday, March 28th, 2013

The new wave of feminism and the women’s liberation movement, while motivated initially by the gender inequality from within the civil rights movement, began to diversify and become accepted by more mainstream women. This was apparent in the difference between NOW and the more radical feminists. Radical groups critiqued NOW for wanting to reform rather than revolutionize, but NOW appealed to the “average” woman for whom feminism was their first foray into politics and had not experienced the gender dichotomy from within pre-existing liberal groups. Either way, the emergence of feminism into the public realm, through events like the Miss America protest, was simultaneously beneficial and detrimental to their cause. On the one hand, through publicity (positive and negative), their message was being received by the public. Previously, most Americans had not considered gender a political issue. But groups calling attention to wage differences, employment opportunity differences, the objectification of women, etc. caused people to question these notions that had been normalized. On the other hand, people frequently dismissed feminists as being man-haters, lesbians, frigid, etc. and did not take their complaints seriously. Rather, in some instances, protests were turned into a sensationalized joke (example: bra burning). Some women who would, in theory, align with feminism, were afraid to call themselves such because they did not want to be called any of the names aforementioned. Through the emergence of civil rights movements not explicitly concerned with racial injustice, feminism, but also gay rights, became hotly contested issues. Both lesbian and gay activists rejected the concept that homosexuality was a mental disorder and demanded equal rights for these groups as well, since at this point being gay was grounds for being fired from jobs or the subject of brutality from both the police and individuals alike. Through all of this, activists sought to make issues previously considered “private” both public and political.

In what ways do these social movements (women’s rights, lesbian rights, gay rights, civil rights, etc.) threaten the established white male dominance of society and society’s understanding and acceptance of “masculinity”?

Additionally, issues regarding racial equality, though obviously not solved at the present, are no longer debated – the concept of all races being equal is understood and generally accepted. However, female issues like abortion rights and homosexual issues that were present in the 60s are still controversial. Why?

berecibiac: Noel Redding.

Thursday, March 28th, 2013


Noel Redding.

berecibiac: Jimi Hendrix e Noel Redding by Linda McCartney

Thursday, March 28th, 2013


Jimi Hendrix e Noel Redding by Linda McCartney

tekena: The Jimi Hendrix exp

Thursday, March 28th, 2013


The Jimi Hendrix exp